Hot!

2007 Most Corrupt Countries

CPI Score relates to perceptions of the degree of corruption as seen by business people and country analysts, and ranges between 10 (highly clean) and 0 (highly corrupt).

Confidence range provides a range of possible values of the CPI score. This reflects how a country's score may vary, depending on measurement precision. Nominally, with 5 percent

2007 CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX
country
rank
country2007 CPI
score
surveys
used
confidence range
1Denmark9.469.2 - 9.6
1Finland9.469.2 - 9.6
1New Zealand9.469.2 - 9.6
4Singapore9.399.0 - 9.5
4Sweden9.369.1 - 9.4
6Iceland9.268.3 - 9.6
7Netherlands9.068.8 - 9.2
7Switzerland9.068.8 - 9.2
9Canada8.768.3 - 9.1
9Norway8.768.0 - 9.2
11Australia8.688.1 - 9.0
12Luxembourg8.457.7 - 8.7
12United Kingdom8.467.9 - 8.9
14Hong Kong8.387.6 - 8.8
15Austria8.167.5 - 8.7
16Germany7.867.3 - 8.4
17Ireland7.567.3 - 7.7
17Japan7.587.1 - 8.0
19France7.366.9 - 7.8
20USA7.286.5 - 7.6
21Belgium7.167.1 - 7.1
22Chile7.076.5 - 7.4
23Barbados6.946.6 - 7.1
24Saint Lucia6.836.1 - 7.1
25Spain6.766.2 - 7.0
25Uruguay6.756.4 - 7.0
27Slovenia6.686.1 - 6.9
28Estonia6.586.0 -7.0
28Portugal6.565.8 - 7.2
30Israel6.165.6 - 6.7
30Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines
6.134.0 - 7.1
32Qatar6.045.4 - 6.4
33Malta5.845.3 - 6.2
34Macao5.744.7 - 6.4
34Taiwan5.795.4 - 6.1
34United Arab Emirates5.754.8 - 6.5
37Dominica5.634.0 - 6.1
38Botswana5.474.8 - 6.1
39Cyprus5.335.1 - 5.5
39Hungary5.384.9 - 5.5
41Czech Republik5.284.9 - 5.8
41Italy5.264.7 - 5.7
43Malaysia5.194.5 - 5.7
43South Africa5.194.9 - 5.5
43South Korea5.194.7 - 5.5
46Bahrain5.054.2 - 5.7
46Bhutan5.054.1 - 5.7
46Costa Rica5.054.7 - 5.3
49Cape Verde4.933.4 - 5.5
49Slovakia4.984.5 - 5.2
51Latvia4.864.4 - 5.1
51Lithuania4.874.4 - 5.3
53Jordan4.773.8 - 5.6
53Mauritius4.764.1 - 5.7
53Oman4.743.9 - 5.3
56Greece4.664.3 - 5.0
57Namibia4.573.9 - 5.2
57Samoa4.533.4 - 5.5
57Seychelles4.542.9 - 5.7
60Kuweit4.353.3 - 5.1
61Cuba4.243.5 - 4.7
61Poland4.283.6 - 4.9
61Tunisia4.263.4 - 4.8
64Bulgaria4.183.6 - 4.8
64Croatia4.183.6 - 4.5
64Turkey4.173.8 - 4.5
67El Salvador4.053.2 - 4.6
68Colombia3.873.4 - 4.3
69Ghana3.773.5 - 3.9
69Romania3.783.4 - 4.1
71Senegal3.673.2 - 4.2
72Brazil3.573.2 - 4.0
72China3.593.0 - 4.2
72India3.5103.3 - 3.7
72Mexico3.573.3 - 3.8
72Morocco3.573.0 - 4.2
72Peru3.553.4 - 3.7
72Suriname3.543.0 - 3.9
79Georgia3.462.9 - 4.3
79Grenada3.432.0 - 4.1
79Saudi Arabia3.442.7 - 3.9
79Serbia3.463.0 - 4.0
79Trinidad and Tobago3.442.7 - 3.9
84Bosnia and Herzegovina3.372.9 - 3.7
84Gabon3.353.0 - 3.5
84Jamaica3.353.1 - 3.4
84Kiribati3.332.4 - 3.9
84Lesotho3.363.1 - 3.5
84FYR Macedonia3.362.9 - 3.8
84Maldives3.342.3 - 4.3
84Montenegro3.342.4 - 4.0
84Swaziland3.352.6 - 4.2
84Thailand3.392.9 - 3.7
94Madagascar3.272.5 - 3.9
94Panama3.252.8 - 3.4
94Sri Lanka3.272.9 - 3.5
94Tanzania3.282.9 - 3.4
98Vanuatu3.132.4 - 3.7
99Algeria3.062.7 - 3.2
99Armenia3.072.8 - 3.2
99Belize3.032.0 - 3.7
99Dominican Republic3.052.8 - 3.3
99Lebanon3.042.2 - 3.6
99Mongolia3.062.6 - 3.3
105Albania2.962.6 - 3.1
105Argentina2.972.6 - 3.2
105Bolivia2.962.7 - 3.2
105Burkina Faso2.972.6 - 3.4
105Djibouti2.932.2 - 3.4
105Egypt2.972.6 - 3.3
111Eritrea2.852.1 - 3.5
111Guatemala2.852.4 - 3.2
111Moldovaa2.872.5 - 3.3
111Mozambique2.882.5 - 3.1
111Rwanda2.852.3 - 3.3
111Solomon Islands2.832.4 - 3.1
111Uganda2.882.5 - 3.0
118Benin2.772.3 - 3.2
118Malawi2.782.4 - 3.0
118Mali2.782.4 - 3.0
118Sao Tome and Principe2.732.4 - 3.0
118Ukraine2.772.4 - 3.0
123Comoros2.632.2 - 3.0
123Guyana2.642.3 - 2.7
123Mauritania2.662.0 - 3.3
123Nicaragua2.662.3 - 2.7
123Niger2.672.3 - 2.9
123Timor-Leste2.632.5 - 2.6
123Viet Nam2.692.4 - 2.9
123Zambia2.682.3 - 2.9
131Burundi2.572.0 - 3.0
131Honduras2.562.3 - 2.6
131Iran2.542.0 - 3.0
131Libya2.542.1 - 2.6
131Nepal2.572.3 - 2.7
131Philippines2.592.3 - 2.7
131Yemen2.552.1 - 3.0
138Cameroon2.482.1 - 2.7
138Ethiopia2.482.1 - 2.7
138Pakistan2.472.0 - 2.8
138Paraguay2.452.1 - 2.6
138Syria2.441.7 - 2.9
143Gambia2.362.0 - 2.6
143Indonesia2.3112.1 - 2.4
143Russia2.382.1 - 2.6
143Togo2.351.9 - 2.8
147Angola2.271.8 - 2.4
147Guinea-Bissau2.232.0 - 2.3
147Nigeria2.282.0 - 2.4
150Azerbaijan2.181.9 - 2.3
150Belarus2.151.7 - 2.6
150Congo, Republic2.162.0 - 2.2
150Cote d'Ivoire2.161.7 - 2.6
150Ecuador2.152.0 - 2.3
150Kazakhstan2.161.7 - 2.5
150Kenya2.181.9 - 2.3
150Kyrgyzstan2.172.0 - 2.2
150Liberia2.141.8 - 2.4
150Sierra Leone2.152.0 - 2.2
150Tajikistan2.181.9 - 2.3
150Zimbabwe2.181.8 - 2.4
162Bangladesh2.071.8 - 2.3
162Cambodia2.071.8 - 2.1
162Central African Republic2.051.8 - 2.3
162Papua New Guinea2.061.7 - 2.3
162Turkmenistan2.051.8 - 2.3
162Venezuela2.071.9 - 2.1
168Congo, Democratic Republic1.961.8 - 2.1
168Equatorial Guinea1.941.7 - 2.0
168Guinea1.961.4 - 2.6
168Laos1.961.7 - 2.2
172Afghanistan1.841.4 - 2.0
172Chad1.871.7 - 1.9
172Sudan1.861.6 - 1.9
175Tonga1.731.5 - 1.8
175Uzbekistan1.771.6 - 1.9
177Haiti1.641.3 - 1.8
178Iraq1.541.3 - 1.7
179Myanmar1.441.1 - 1.7
179Somalia1.441.1 - 1.7
Explanatory notes*
* CPI Score relates to perceptions of the degree of corruption as seen by business people and country analysts, and ranges between 10 (highly clean) and 0 (highly corrupt).
** Confidence range provides a range of possible values of the CPI score. This reflects how a country's score may vary, depending on measurement precision. Nominally, with 5 percent probability the score is above this range and with another 5 percent it is below. However, particularly when only few sources are available, an unbiased estimate of the mean coverage probability is lower than the nominal value of 90%.
*** Surveys used refers to the number of surveys that assessed a country's performance. 14 surveys and expert assessments were used and at least 3 were required for a country to be included in the CPI.
Courtesy: Transparency International CPI 2007

Karen Amstrong's Muhammad

peace.jpgQuote of the Day:

Muslims have always understood this. Their scripture, the Qur'an, gave them a mission: to create a just and decent society, in which all members were treated with respect...

... As a paradigmatic personality, Muhammad has important lessons, not only for Muslims, but also for Western people. His life was a jihad: ... this word does not mean "holy war," it means "struggle." ... His life was a tireless campaign against greed, injustice, and arrogance.

Strangely, events that took place in sevent-century Arabia have much to teach us about the events of our time and their underlying significance--far more, infact, than the facile sound bites of politicians. Muhammad was not ttrying to impose religious orthodoxy--he was not much interested in metaphysics--but to change people's hearts and minds. He called the prevailing spirit of his time jahiliyyah. Muslims usually understand this to mean the "Time of Ignorance," that is, the pre-Islamic period in Arabia. But, as recent research shows, Muhammad used the term jahiliyyah to refer not to an historical era but to a state of mind that caused violence and terror in sevent-century Arabia. Jahiliyyah, I would argue, is also much in evidence in the West today as well as in the Muslim word.

From Muhammad: Prophet for Our Time (Harper Press UK; 2006)

0 komentar:

Post a Comment