Friday, October 31, 2014

2007 Most Corrupt Countries

CPI Score relates to perceptions of the degree of corruption as seen by business people and country analysts, and ranges between 10 (highly clean) and 0 (highly corrupt).

Confidence range provides a range of possible values of the CPI score. This reflects how a country's score may vary, depending on measurement precision. Nominally, with 5 percent

2007 CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX
country
rank
country2007 CPI
score
surveys
used
confidence range
1Denmark9.469.2 - 9.6
1Finland9.469.2 - 9.6
1New Zealand9.469.2 - 9.6
4Singapore9.399.0 - 9.5
4Sweden9.369.1 - 9.4
6Iceland9.268.3 - 9.6
7Netherlands9.068.8 - 9.2
7Switzerland9.068.8 - 9.2
9Canada8.768.3 - 9.1
9Norway8.768.0 - 9.2
11Australia8.688.1 - 9.0
12Luxembourg8.457.7 - 8.7
12United Kingdom8.467.9 - 8.9
14Hong Kong8.387.6 - 8.8
15Austria8.167.5 - 8.7
16Germany7.867.3 - 8.4
17Ireland7.567.3 - 7.7
17Japan7.587.1 - 8.0
19France7.366.9 - 7.8
20USA7.286.5 - 7.6
21Belgium7.167.1 - 7.1
22Chile7.076.5 - 7.4
23Barbados6.946.6 - 7.1
24Saint Lucia6.836.1 - 7.1
25Spain6.766.2 - 7.0
25Uruguay6.756.4 - 7.0
27Slovenia6.686.1 - 6.9
28Estonia6.586.0 -7.0
28Portugal6.565.8 - 7.2
30Israel6.165.6 - 6.7
30Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines
6.134.0 - 7.1
32Qatar6.045.4 - 6.4
33Malta5.845.3 - 6.2
34Macao5.744.7 - 6.4
34Taiwan5.795.4 - 6.1
34United Arab Emirates5.754.8 - 6.5
37Dominica5.634.0 - 6.1
38Botswana5.474.8 - 6.1
39Cyprus5.335.1 - 5.5
39Hungary5.384.9 - 5.5
41Czech Republik5.284.9 - 5.8
41Italy5.264.7 - 5.7
43Malaysia5.194.5 - 5.7
43South Africa5.194.9 - 5.5
43South Korea5.194.7 - 5.5
46Bahrain5.054.2 - 5.7
46Bhutan5.054.1 - 5.7
46Costa Rica5.054.7 - 5.3
49Cape Verde4.933.4 - 5.5
49Slovakia4.984.5 - 5.2
51Latvia4.864.4 - 5.1
51Lithuania4.874.4 - 5.3
53Jordan4.773.8 - 5.6
53Mauritius4.764.1 - 5.7
53Oman4.743.9 - 5.3
56Greece4.664.3 - 5.0
57Namibia4.573.9 - 5.2
57Samoa4.533.4 - 5.5
57Seychelles4.542.9 - 5.7
60Kuweit4.353.3 - 5.1
61Cuba4.243.5 - 4.7
61Poland4.283.6 - 4.9
61Tunisia4.263.4 - 4.8
64Bulgaria4.183.6 - 4.8
64Croatia4.183.6 - 4.5
64Turkey4.173.8 - 4.5
67El Salvador4.053.2 - 4.6
68Colombia3.873.4 - 4.3
69Ghana3.773.5 - 3.9
69Romania3.783.4 - 4.1
71Senegal3.673.2 - 4.2
72Brazil3.573.2 - 4.0
72China3.593.0 - 4.2
72India3.5103.3 - 3.7
72Mexico3.573.3 - 3.8
72Morocco3.573.0 - 4.2
72Peru3.553.4 - 3.7
72Suriname3.543.0 - 3.9
79Georgia3.462.9 - 4.3
79Grenada3.432.0 - 4.1
79Saudi Arabia3.442.7 - 3.9
79Serbia3.463.0 - 4.0
79Trinidad and Tobago3.442.7 - 3.9
84Bosnia and Herzegovina3.372.9 - 3.7
84Gabon3.353.0 - 3.5
84Jamaica3.353.1 - 3.4
84Kiribati3.332.4 - 3.9
84Lesotho3.363.1 - 3.5
84FYR Macedonia3.362.9 - 3.8
84Maldives3.342.3 - 4.3
84Montenegro3.342.4 - 4.0
84Swaziland3.352.6 - 4.2
84Thailand3.392.9 - 3.7
94Madagascar3.272.5 - 3.9
94Panama3.252.8 - 3.4
94Sri Lanka3.272.9 - 3.5
94Tanzania3.282.9 - 3.4
98Vanuatu3.132.4 - 3.7
99Algeria3.062.7 - 3.2
99Armenia3.072.8 - 3.2
99Belize3.032.0 - 3.7
99Dominican Republic3.052.8 - 3.3
99Lebanon3.042.2 - 3.6
99Mongolia3.062.6 - 3.3
105Albania2.962.6 - 3.1
105Argentina2.972.6 - 3.2
105Bolivia2.962.7 - 3.2
105Burkina Faso2.972.6 - 3.4
105Djibouti2.932.2 - 3.4
105Egypt2.972.6 - 3.3
111Eritrea2.852.1 - 3.5
111Guatemala2.852.4 - 3.2
111Moldovaa2.872.5 - 3.3
111Mozambique2.882.5 - 3.1
111Rwanda2.852.3 - 3.3
111Solomon Islands2.832.4 - 3.1
111Uganda2.882.5 - 3.0
118Benin2.772.3 - 3.2
118Malawi2.782.4 - 3.0
118Mali2.782.4 - 3.0
118Sao Tome and Principe2.732.4 - 3.0
118Ukraine2.772.4 - 3.0
123Comoros2.632.2 - 3.0
123Guyana2.642.3 - 2.7
123Mauritania2.662.0 - 3.3
123Nicaragua2.662.3 - 2.7
123Niger2.672.3 - 2.9
123Timor-Leste2.632.5 - 2.6
123Viet Nam2.692.4 - 2.9
123Zambia2.682.3 - 2.9
131Burundi2.572.0 - 3.0
131Honduras2.562.3 - 2.6
131Iran2.542.0 - 3.0
131Libya2.542.1 - 2.6
131Nepal2.572.3 - 2.7
131Philippines2.592.3 - 2.7
131Yemen2.552.1 - 3.0
138Cameroon2.482.1 - 2.7
138Ethiopia2.482.1 - 2.7
138Pakistan2.472.0 - 2.8
138Paraguay2.452.1 - 2.6
138Syria2.441.7 - 2.9
143Gambia2.362.0 - 2.6
143Indonesia2.3112.1 - 2.4
143Russia2.382.1 - 2.6
143Togo2.351.9 - 2.8
147Angola2.271.8 - 2.4
147Guinea-Bissau2.232.0 - 2.3
147Nigeria2.282.0 - 2.4
150Azerbaijan2.181.9 - 2.3
150Belarus2.151.7 - 2.6
150Congo, Republic2.162.0 - 2.2
150Cote d'Ivoire2.161.7 - 2.6
150Ecuador2.152.0 - 2.3
150Kazakhstan2.161.7 - 2.5
150Kenya2.181.9 - 2.3
150Kyrgyzstan2.172.0 - 2.2
150Liberia2.141.8 - 2.4
150Sierra Leone2.152.0 - 2.2
150Tajikistan2.181.9 - 2.3
150Zimbabwe2.181.8 - 2.4
162Bangladesh2.071.8 - 2.3
162Cambodia2.071.8 - 2.1
162Central African Republic2.051.8 - 2.3
162Papua New Guinea2.061.7 - 2.3
162Turkmenistan2.051.8 - 2.3
162Venezuela2.071.9 - 2.1
168Congo, Democratic Republic1.961.8 - 2.1
168Equatorial Guinea1.941.7 - 2.0
168Guinea1.961.4 - 2.6
168Laos1.961.7 - 2.2
172Afghanistan1.841.4 - 2.0
172Chad1.871.7 - 1.9
172Sudan1.861.6 - 1.9
175Tonga1.731.5 - 1.8
175Uzbekistan1.771.6 - 1.9
177Haiti1.641.3 - 1.8
178Iraq1.541.3 - 1.7
179Myanmar1.441.1 - 1.7
179Somalia1.441.1 - 1.7
Explanatory notes*
* CPI Score relates to perceptions of the degree of corruption as seen by business people and country analysts, and ranges between 10 (highly clean) and 0 (highly corrupt).
** Confidence range provides a range of possible values of the CPI score. This reflects how a country's score may vary, depending on measurement precision. Nominally, with 5 percent probability the score is above this range and with another 5 percent it is below. However, particularly when only few sources are available, an unbiased estimate of the mean coverage probability is lower than the nominal value of 90%.
*** Surveys used refers to the number of surveys that assessed a country's performance. 14 surveys and expert assessments were used and at least 3 were required for a country to be included in the CPI.
Courtesy: Transparency International CPI 2007

Karen Amstrong's Muhammad

peace.jpgQuote of the Day:

Muslims have always understood this. Their scripture, the Qur'an, gave them a mission: to create a just and decent society, in which all members were treated with respect...

... As a paradigmatic personality, Muhammad has important lessons, not only for Muslims, but also for Western people. His life was a jihad: ... this word does not mean "holy war," it means "struggle." ... His life was a tireless campaign against greed, injustice, and arrogance.

Strangely, events that took place in sevent-century Arabia have much to teach us about the events of our time and their underlying significance--far more, infact, than the facile sound bites of politicians. Muhammad was not ttrying to impose religious orthodoxy--he was not much interested in metaphysics--but to change people's hearts and minds. He called the prevailing spirit of his time jahiliyyah. Muslims usually understand this to mean the "Time of Ignorance," that is, the pre-Islamic period in Arabia. But, as recent research shows, Muhammad used the term jahiliyyah to refer not to an historical era but to a state of mind that caused violence and terror in sevent-century Arabia. Jahiliyyah, I would argue, is also much in evidence in the West today as well as in the Muslim word.

From Muhammad: Prophet for Our Time (Harper Press UK; 2006)


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